Sunday, November 22, 2009

How to create local and remote ssh git repo in Mac OS X

(1) Install git for Mac OS X

mkdir ~/src
cd ~/src/
curl -O http://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/git-1.6.5.3.tar.bz2
tar -xjvf git-1.6.5.3.tar.bz2
cd git-1.6.5.3
./configure --prefix=/usr/local
make
sudo make install
git --version


(2) Suppose you have a project in ~/myproject
and the remote ssh server login is user@xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
both client and server have git installed

(3) Create localrepo in local harddisk

git mkdir -p ~/git
git clone --bare ~/myproject ~/git/myproject.git
touch ~/git/myproject.git/git-daemon-export-ok


push to localrepo

cd ~/myproject
git init
git add .
git rm -r --cache build     # ignore the build directory for iPhone project
git commit -m 'Initial commit'
git remote add localrepo ~/git/myproject.git
git push localrepo master
git log


(3) Create sshrepo in remote server over ssh

ssh user@xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx "mkdir -p /Volumes/HD/git/myproject.git; cd /Volumes/HD/git/myproject.git; git --bare init; touch git-daemon-export-ok"


check the location of remote git binary and the remote ssh login shell


ssh user@xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx "which git-upload-pack"
ssh user@xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx "echo \$PATH"


mine is /usr/local/bin/git-upload-pack


if the remote login shell does not include path of git, create ~/.bashrc in your remote ssh login shell


ssh user@xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx "echo 'export PATH=\${PATH}:/usr/local/bin' > ~/.bashrc"


push to sshrepo

cd ~/myproject
git remote add sshrepo ssh://user@xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx/Volumes/HD/git/myproject.git
git push sshrepo master
git log



Test git clone

cd ~
git clone ~/git/myproject.git workinglocal
cd workinglocal
git log


or


cd ~
git clone ssh://user@xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx/Volumes/HD/git/myproject.git workingremote
cd workingremote
git log


How to Branch

git branch -r                 # show branch in repo
git checkout -b todo origin/to-do-branch # checkout a new branch
git checkout master           # checkout the master branch

git checkout localrepo/master # checkout the master branch in localrepo
git checkout sshrepo/master   # checkout the master branch in sshrepo

git branch next               # create new branch
git add .
git commit -m 'commit nextbranch'
git push localrepo next

git branch -b cygwin
git branch -r
git add *
git commit -m 'commit cygwin branch'
git push origin cygwin


How to checkout a previous commit

git log # show log of previous commit
git log --format=oneline # show log of previous commit log hex digit
git checkout 838fbf2e9b050d2350694235bbf5e9a11fa7acea # commit log hexdigit


How to push to github

git config --global user.name "javacom"
git config --global user.email "javacomhk@yahoo.com"
git remote rm origin
git remote add origin git@github.com:javacom/toolchain4.git
git push origin master









No comments: